Silverbares

House breaking

As with most things in life,there are hard ways and easy ways to get things done.Rubbing a puppy's nose in a mess is an inappropriate way to housetrain.Using ample amounts of supervision and positive reinforcement is the easy way.

The first course of action in housetraining is to promote the desired behavior.You need to:
* Designate an appropriate elimination area outdoors
* Frequently guide your dog there to do his business
* Heartily praise him when hr goes
By giving a food reward immediately after your dog has gone,you can encourage him to eliminate in the desired area.

***TIMING IS IMPORTANT!!!!!
A six to eight week old puppy should be taken out every one to three hours,older puppies can wait a bit longer.
* After waking in the morning
* After naps
* After meals
* After playing or training
* After being left alone
* Immediately before being put to bed

Each time he is in the act of going simply repeat a unique comand,such as potty,in an upbeat tone of voice.After a few weeks of training,you will notice that when you say your command word your puppy will begin pre-elimination sniffing,circling,and then go shortly after you say the command.Be sure to praise him for his accomplishments.

Most puppies will go within an hour after eating.Once you take control of your puppy's feeding schedule,you will have some control over when he goes.
* Do not leave food down all day
* The last feeding of  the day should be completed several hours before he is confined for the night.
* Your puppy should be within sight
* Baby gates can be helpful to control movement throughout the house
* Keep your puppy in a crate when unsupervised

If your puppy urinates when he greets you,he may have a problem called submissive urination.Dogs and puppies that urinate during greetings are very sensitive and should never be scolded when they do this,since punishment inevitably makes the problem worse.
Most young puppies will grow out of this if you are calm,quiet,and avoid reaching toward the head during greetings.Another helpful approach is to calmly ask your dog to sit for a very tasty treat each time someone greets him.

***URINE AND FECAL ODOR SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY REMOVED TO KEEP YOUR DOG FROM RETURNING TO AREAS HE MESSED IN.
* Be sure to use a good product,such as Natures Miricle
* Be sure to saturate carpet areas with the product
* Rooms in your home where mistakes were made,should be closed off for a while.
* Do not rely on punishment to correct mistakes,this approach usually does not work,and may delay training
* An appropriate correction consists of providing a moderate,startling distraction.You should only do this when you see your dog going in the wrong place.

The basic principles of housetraining are simple,but a fair amount of patience is required.The most challenging part is always keeping your eye on your dog.If you maintain control,take him outside frequently,and praise the desirable behavior,soon you should have a house trained canine companion.



CRATE TRAINING

Training a puppy to be comfortable in a crate is a popular way to provide safe confinement during housetraining.The majority of puppies will rapidly accept crate confinement when you make it fun.Since it is important to associate favorable things with the area where your puppy is confined,it is a good idea to play with him there,or simply spend some time reading or watching tv nearby as he relaxes with a favorite chew toy.If he is only in the area when you leave,it becomes a social isolation area that he eventually may resist entering.

A good time to start crate training is at dinner time.Feed your  puppy his dinner,one piece at a time,tossing kibble into the crate for him to chase and eat.This way,you can make a game out of training.

When you pick up his toys,store them in the crate so he will enter on his own to play.You may even want to hide a biscuit in there as a surprise.

You should not use the crate for periods that exceed the length of time the pet can actually control the urge to potty.If you are gone for long periods each day,you will need to provide a larger confinement area.You may consider using an exercise pen or small room.

Provide an area large enough so that if your puppy has to go when you are gone,he can do it in a space that is seperate from his sleeping area.A 15-30 square foot area is adequate for most puppies.If he chooses a specific place to go,cover it with paper to make clean up easier.


TEACHING GOOD MANNERS

A dog should be a pleasure to all and a nuisance to none.
GIVE:
To avoid unwanted aggression and guarding later in life,train your dog to give you his prized possessions and even his food.The best way to do this is to offer an exchange.Say "GIVE" and offer your dog a treat for his toy.The food offering will inspire most dogs to release the toy without struggle.Praise him,and then give the toy back to him.Make it a fun game that he wins most of the time.

LEAVE IT:
Dogs who know the comand "LEAVE IT" will let things alone when asked.To make learning fun,play a game with your pup.Start the exercise with your dog sitting in front of you on a leash.With a handful of treats, offer him one at a time saying"GET IT". After two or three times of doing this,offer a treat and say"LEAVE IT".Of course he is going to go for it anyway because he doesnt know any better.When the puppy tries to go and  grab the treat,give him a tiny bop on the nose with the same hand that offered him the treat and repeat "LEAVE IT".As soon as the dog leaves the treat alone,praise him,saying "GOOD LEAVE IT",then say "OK GET IT" and give it to him.Repeat four or five times in a row,saying "GET IT" much more often then then you say "LEAVE IT".The puppy will think this is great fun and will probably catch on very quickly.

DON'T PULL:
Your cute puppy may grow up to be a hundred pound powerhouse,dragging you down the street if you dont train him not to pull.To prevent physical damage to the dog,avoid excessive jerking on a pup's neck untill he is at least four months old.Meanwhile, use a retractable leash so the pup can have some freedom,but meets resistance when he pulls.If he lunges,simply turn around and walk the other way.

OFF:
Most people do not like when dogs jump all over them.Jumping can also  be dangerous when a dog jumps on a small child.The simplest and safest way to teach a puppy not to jump up is to back up when you see the pup coming and say "OFF" Reward and praise the puppy once all its feet are on the ground.You can also tell the pup to "SIT" so he learns something positive to do when greeting strangers.When the puppy is older more severe measures can be used if necessary.
ONE WARNING: If you allow your dog to jump all over you,he may have trouble understanding why you don't allow him to jump all over everyone else.Try to be consistent.

IN YOUR KENNEL:
A dog's kennel should be his safe place,his den.Your dog can learn to go willingly into his kennel on command.Tantalize your dog with a treat or toy,put it in the kennel and say "KENNEL IN".The dog will probably go inside.At first don't close the door.Just praise him for going in.When he is used to going in,start closing the door.Give him a little treat through the bars when he's inside .Extend the time he spends inside the kennel gradually.Never let him out when he's crying as that only rewards crying.When you let the dog out,don't make a big deal of it.You don't want coming out to seem better than going in!

SPEAK/QUIET:
When a person yells at his dog for barking,the dog thinks the human is barking too,joining the fun."QUIET" is a difficult concept for dogs.The most successful strategy we've found is to train the dog to bark on command before training the dog what "QUIET" means.
Show the dog a treat,make a hand signal and say "SPEAK".You may have to bark a bit at your dog before he gets the idea,but eventually he will give you a bark or two.Praise and reward immediately and with great fervor.Try again until your dog understands this game.
Once the dog knows how to bark on command,get him barking and then suddenly say "QUIET" and place your fingers to your lips.This strange action will probably stun your dog into silence.Reward and praise excitedly!Repeat several times a day for a few weeks until your dog knows it dependably.


Bite Inhibition:
Another important thing to teach your puppy during teething is bite inhibition. In packs of dogs, the mother and other dogs teach the pups, but in a home situation, you must teach your dog at an early age that it is not acceptable for him to put his mouth on you. Redirect your puppy's mouthing behavior to an acceptable chew toy.
Proper socialization also helps teach bite inhibition and limit mouthing behavior. Take your dog to a puppy class or play group. By playing with other puppies, your dog learns acceptable play behavior and that biting is not appropriate. Socializing your dog to many different kinds of people and situations helps teach your dog not to be afraid of new things, which significantly lessens the possibility your dog will bite someone.


Sit:
Have a yummy treat in your fingers and place your hand near your dog's nose. Say, "sit," and move the treat over your dog's head toward his tail. As he follows the treat, he should sit naturally (you can also gently push your dog's backside down).

When he successfully sits, immediately give him the treat and verbal praise in an excited voice, saying something such as "good dog!" When you are first teaching this behavior, always give the food treat and the verbal praise. When your dog seems to associate the word sit with this behavior, gradually wean him off the treats.

You may also want to train your dog to a release command, such as "okay," so he knows when he can discontinue each behavior.


Stay:
To teach "stay," place your dog in either the sitting or down position. With a yummy treat in one hand, ask your dog to stay while placing your other hand with the palm open in front of his nose (the stop signal). When your dog stays for one or two seconds, give him the treat and verbal praise, and use your release command. Gradually increase the length of the stay.



Lie Down:
To teach "lie down," first get your dog in the sitting position. Hold a yummy treat in your fingers and place your hand near your dog's nose. Say, "lie down," and bring the treat straight down to the floor. As your dog follows the treat, he should naturally place himself in the down position.

As soon as he gets in the proper position, reward him with the treat and verbal praise. If you are using a release command, you can now use it to let your dog know it is okay to stop lying down. As with all commands, as he begins to associate the behavior with the verbal command, wean him from the food reward.


Play Dead:
One of the most popular and easy tricks to teach your dog is "play dead." First, ask your dog to lie down. To teach him to roll on his back, hold a yummy treat in front of his nose and move the treat in a small circle while giving the command "play dead."

As the dog's nose follows the treat, his body follows until he is on his back. Reward him with the treat and verbal praise. With practice, your dog will associate the command with the behavior and you can wean him off the food reward.


Shake:
Another popular trick to teach a dog is "shake." To teach your dog to shake, first get him into the sitting position. Have a treat ready and say, "shake." Gently grab behind his paw and lift it into the shake position. Give him the treat. Repeat this step several times until he learns that he will get the treat by lifting his paw by himself. While he is learning, reward even his smallest attempt at getting into the shake position by himself. 


Bow:
Another fun trick to teach your dog is "bow." First, get your dog in the sitting position. Hold a treat in front of his nose and say, "bow." Push the treat straight toward your dog's chest. As his nose follows the treat, he should naturally get himself into the bow position. When he does, reward him with the treat and verbal praise.